Reaction of Ether with Sulphuric Acid

Chemical Properties of Ethers (with H2SO4)

On heating with dilute sulfuric acid under pressure, ethers are hydrolysed to alcohols.
For example,

C2H5OC2H5 + H2O ----(dil.H2so4,high pressure)-----> 2C2H5OH

Mixed ethers under similar conditions give a mixture of alcohols.

CH3OC2H5 + H2O ------(dil.H2so4,high pressure)------>C2H5OH + CH3OH

But if concentrated sulfuric acid is used, then the products are alcohol and alkyl hydrogen sulphate.

C2H5OC2H5 (Diethyl ether) -----(heat, conc. H2SO4)-----> C2H5OH (ethanol)+ C2H5OSO2OH (ethyl hydrogen sulphate)

Ethers containing secondary and tertiary alkyl groups form alkenes with conc. sulphuric acid.
For example

reaction of H2SO4 with Ether

For more about chemical reaction of ether visit

1 comment:

  1. The chemical equations of reaction between sulfuric acid and ethers will be added soon.