Reaction of alcohol and phenol with Metals

Alcohols and phenols react with highly electropositive alkali metals such as sodium, potassium etc to yield corresponding alkoxides/phenoxides and hydrogen.

2 R - OH + 2 Na ---------> 2 RONa (Sodium alkoxide) + H2

2 C2H5OH + 2 Na ----------> 2 C2H5ONa (Sodium ethoxide)+ H2


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